C40 The Food Systems Network, is developed in partnership with EAT, supports city efforts to create and implement comprehensive solutions that reduce carbon emissions and increase resilience throughout the urban food system.


Cities are home to over half the world’s population and are therefore key in driving the adoption of healthy and sustainable diets. Food is a crosscutting issue that implicates multiple sectors, requiring a holistic approach to urban food systems.


The C40 Food Systems Network is helping cities achieve solutions to their most pressing food systems challenges by incorporating both health and environmental considerations into food strategies and activities. The Network aims to strengthen collaboration across countries, sectors and disciplines, leveraging expertise to develop sustainable and healthy food systems.


C40 is a network of the world’s megacities committed to addressing climate change. C40 supports cities to collaborate effectively, share knowledge and drive meaningful, measurable and sustainable action on climate change. EAT emphasizes the linkages between food, health and sustainability, as well as serving as a bridge between governments, the private sector and civil society. Together, EAT and C40 are uniquely placed to drive the integrated efforts of the Food Systems Network.


The Network builds on the activities of the Milan Urban Food Policy Pact, which was signed by over 100 cities from across the world in October 2015. The Pact aims to engage cities in improving sustainability and health equity in their food systems as well as improving their resilience to both hunger and CO2 emissions.

The Food Systems Network aims to advance food and climate action by sharing knowledge and experiences, learning from best practices, co-creating solutions and developing collaborative projects across countries. Activities are organized into four focus areas, developed according to cities’ priorities:

#1: Food Procurement: Addressing purchases that are controlled by the municipality, for example procurement of food for schools, hospitals and elderly homes.

#2: Food Production: Promoting and strengthening urban and peri-urban food production to support short food chains, reduce building energy demand (cooling and heating) in the production process and mitigate the urban heat island effect.

#3: Food Supply and Distribution: Developing sustainable food transportation and logistics by improving alternative fuels or means of transport; enhancing farmer’s markets, informal markets, retail and wholesale markets; and strengthening the food supply chain to withstand disruptive events such as natural disasters.

#4: Food Waste: Raising awareness of and promoting the food waste “pyramid” – reducing of food loss and waste, facilitating food recovery for people and animals, and improving collection of waste for biogas or fertilizers.



Europe: Amsterdam, Athens, Barcelona, Basel, Copenhagen, London, Milan, Oslo, Paris, Rotterdam, Venice

North America: Austin, Chicago, Los Angeles, New York, Toronto, Vancouver, Washington

Latin America: Bogota, Buenos Aires, Curitiba, Mexico City, Quito, Sao Paulo

Asia-Pacific: Auckland, Melbourne Quezon City, Wuhan

Africa: Accra, Addis Ababa, Cape Town, Dar es Salaam, Durban, Johannesburg, Nairobi



The first workshop of the C40 Food Systems Network took place during the 2016 EAT Stockholm Food Forum. It brought together participating cities to discuss common challenges related to planning and implementing food policies and projects, exchange good practices, identify potential solutions and discuss priorities for the coming year.

The Food Systems Network holds an ongoing series of webinars organized around the four Network focus areas. These webinars provide the opportunity for more targeted and in-depth learning on each topic as well as a “safe space” for open discussion and support.

See Mark Watts, CEO of C40, speak at EAT Stockholm Food Forum 2016 below.



The Eat-Lancet Commission for Food, Planet and Health

If the global population is healthier than ever before in history, why does our food system need to change to improve human health?

A good question, with a good answer. If we include those getting too little, too much or the wrong types of food, 1 in 3 people in the world today is malnourished. Unhealthy diets have become the leading risk factor for disease, now linked to 1 in 5 deaths globally. Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) including diabetes and heart disease top the charts as the biggest cause of premature death worldwide. That’s more than the combined number of drug, alcohol and smoking related deaths each year. In addition, food production is a key driver behind climate change, biodiversity loss, water overuse and other environmental problems. In short, food production is taking a major toll on the planet, while the food we eat is taking a toll on our health.

Changing the game for how food is produced and consumed is essential to meeting the UN Sustainable Development Goals and the world’s commitments through the Paris Agreement to decarbonizing the economy. Yet we lack scientific evidence and guidelines telling us how to move forward and turn food into a solution for both people and planet. The EAT-Lancet Commission plans to change that.


The EAT-Lancet Commission on Healthy Diets from Sustainable Food Systems brings together 20 world-leading scientists to reach agreement on what constitutes a healthy and sustainable diet. Commissioners are leading researchers in nutrition, environmental sciences, policy and food studies from globally-renowned scientific institutions. The Stockholm Resilience Centre houses the EAT-Lancet Commission secretariat and co-leads the Commission’s research activities with EAT.


The EAT–Lancet Commission will unravel the complex mechanics of the food system, and investigate the connections between diet, human health and the state of the planet to provide a basis for new, evidence-based integrated policies. By designing up-to-the-minute science-based targets that connect health and sustainability, the Commission is creating a common set of earth system goals for the food system. An exploration of food like this hasn’t been done before and is desperately needed.


The EAT-Lancet Commission will publish a report to bridge the gaps between health, sustainability, science and action. By reviewing existing knowledge and knowledge gaps on healthy diets and sustainable food, the Commission has assessed the scientific evidence on human nutritional needs as well as sustainable levels of environmental impact from food production. By clarifying the links between food, health, and environmental sustainability, it has the potential to provide key puzzle pieces for the transformation of the food system.


The EAT-Lancet Commission report is scheduled for publication in The Lancet medical journal in the second half of 2018.


Plans for a global launch is underway, with a series of international events, partner dissemination and media moments in the pipeline. The program for the 2018 EAT Stockholm Food Forum, the main platform for the global discourse on food system challenges, will be rooted in the issues the EAT-Lancet report addresses. All with the purpose of operationalizing the results of the report for actors across all sectors.

EAT programs such as CHEW, FReSH and FOLU (the Food and Land Use Coalition) will additionally facilitate the transition of the report into scalable actionable programs and processes for business, policy and civil society.


Nordic Cities EAT Initiative

The Nordic Cities EAT Initiative is an alliance of cities and stakeholders in the Nordic countries exploring the food system as a tool for broader environmental, economic and social sustainability as well as forging a deeper cohesion between urban and rural areas. It was launched at the 2016 EAT Stockholm Food Forum, and serves as a platform to develop and exchange knowledge on creating sustainable food policies and facilitate collaborative activities.

The role of cities in transforming food systems towards health and sustainability is increasingly clear. While global initiatives such as the C40 Food Systems Network bring together a diverse group of cities to address urban food systems topics, regional collaborations are key for context-specific exchanges and collaboration: similar climates, political systems, welfare models, and development priorities can create favorable environments for joint efforts.

The Initiative seeks to increase entrepreneurship and green economies, urban-rural linkages, urban food production, and livability through food, while reducing carbon footprint, social inequality, and health-related diseases. The Initiative also promotes enthusiasm around the cultural aspects of food and seeks to collectively spread global awareness of the Nordic approach to healthy and sustainable food.

Participants work to achieve a sustainable city region with political leadership and/or clear strategies that lead to broader social, environmental and economic sustainability through food systems. Activities facilitate interaction between stakeholders across science, policy, civil society and business and aim to improve integrated food city planning and border-crossing partnerships.

The initiative is currently an informal collaboration that is activated when joint project and/or process opportunities arise. Current participating cities include Copenhagen, Gothenburg, Helsinki, Malmö, Oslo, and Reykjavik, with advisory and coordination support from EAT, Copenhagen House of Food, Nordic Council of Ministers, and Prince of Wales International Sustainability Unit.


More food companies are taking on the massive food system challenges, turning them into exciting business opportunities. To accelerate this transformation we need disruptive innovation – also in the ways we collaborate.

FReSH (Food Reform for Sustainability and Health) is a partnership between EAT and the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) where businesses work together to translate science-based targets into win-win solutions, for people, planet and profit.


Almost all food consumed across the world is produced and supplied by the private sector. This means large and small businesses have huge potential and responsibility to create new pathways to healthy, enjoyable diets for all, produced within planetary boundaries.



FReSH brings leading global companies together across sectors, regions and value chains to develop, implement and scale business solutions that deliver on science-based targets for healthier and more sustainable diets, as defined by EAT’s scientific collaborations.

FReSH members currently collaborate across five workstreams:

(A) Healthy and sustainable diets

(B) Food production

(C) Food consumption

(D) Food trade and logistics

(E) Performance measurement and reporting